Most of you don't know how to classify avocado: is it a fruit or a vegetable? The fact that it is not eaten at the end of a meal is often misleading, but in fact it is a fruit, or rather a drupe such as peach, cherry, apricot as it is "a fleshy fruit characterized by a woody inner part", the seed.
The main difference with other fruits is its low sugar content and, vice versa, its high content in fats, especially the "good" ones, Omega 3 and unsaturated fats, which, depending on the variety, can vary between 10 and 30 % of the total weight. This is why in South America it plays the same role that olives play for us Europeans: avocado oil is used as a condiment and has the highest smoke index among vegetable and animal oils (270 ° against 229 ° than the peanut or the 207 ° of the olive), so it is excellent for frying.
The fame of superfood is above all due to the incredible variety in its content in vitamins and microelements.
Vitamin A, B vitamins (except B12), D, E and K are rarely found in a single fruit.
Each 100 g of pulp, as summarized in the blog "The chemistry of avocado", this fruit contains 8.3 g of sugar, 14.66 g of fat and about 2 g of protein.
The water is predominant, 73.23 g, but the ash content is also significant, which for every 100 g is 1.58 g. There are numerous minerals present in this fruit such as phosphorus, magnesium and potassium (the one contained in 3 bananas).
Now let's see in summary the many properties of this extraordinary fruit.
Friend of the heart
It contains many good fats and does not contain cholesterol: thanks to these characteristics it is able to counteract atherosclerosis. It helps keep the heart and circulation healthy and free of dangerous waste, effectively reducing the risk of heart disease and heart attack.
Enemy of free radicals Free radicals are harmful toxins that clog the body. Avocado with the powerful antioxidant substances it contains purifies the body and fights free radicals. Counteracts cellular aging This fruit is rich in vitamins A and E, strong antioxidants that fight cellular aging, they help keep the skin supple and youthful by preventing wrinkles. Fights osteoporosis Thanks to its high vitamin D content, it promotes the absorption of calcium and phosphorus. Protects eyesight and stimulates the immune system Avocado contains an excellent amount of vitamin A which protects the eye and improves night vision. Vitamins A and D always stimulate the immune system. Powerful anti-inflammatory Avocado is a known anti-inflammatory that is very useful for our body. This property derives not only from the presence of mono-unsaturated fats, but also from the great variety of carotenoids present in the dark green pulp which is located just under the skin and which also exert a photo-protective function of defense of the skin. Valuable help for pregnant women Avocado is rich in folic acid,
a useful vitamin for pregnant women as it allows a healthy and harmonious development of the nervous system of the fetus. Against depression Contains high concentrations of magnesium and potassium antitodes against many psychiatric diseases. Promotes absorption of foods The mix of substances contained allow avocado to promote the absorption of other foods and help regulate blood glucose and insulin levels. It is rich in fiber Its content, in fact, favors intestinal transit and gives an excellent sense of satiety.
It is right to specify that it should be consumed sparingly by those suffering from renal insufficiency due to the aforementioned richness of magnesium and potassium and by those taking drugs based on Warfarin (trade name Coumadin), an anticoagulant, because it affects its metabolism; allergic to latex and to various fruits and vegetables, such as melons, bananas, tomatoes, potatoes, kiwis, chestnuts, peaches, must also have some attention to avoid the risk of cross allergy. The seed and leaves of the plant can be toxic if taken in large quantities due to the persin contained in them (read the blog "Is the avocado pit edible?").